<track id="busjr"><div id="busjr"><td id="busjr"></td></div></track>
    1. <bdo id="busjr"><optgroup id="busjr"><thead id="busjr"></thead></optgroup></bdo>
        <bdo id="busjr"></bdo>

              1. Skip to main content
                Select Source:

                Ahmad Shah

                Ahmad Shah (äkhmäd´ shä´), c.1723–1773, Afghan ruler (1747–73), founder of the Durani dynasty. His success in commanding Afghan forces in India for Nadir Shah of Iran won him the rule of Afghanistan on Nadir's death (1747). He twice (1756, 1760) occupied and sacked Delhi, the capital of the Mughal empire. He conquered a vast territory, extending roughly from the Oxus (Amu Darya) to the Indus rivers and from Tibet to Khorasan, but he was unable to consolidate this empire and it soon disintegrated. He united and strengthened Afghanistan, however, and is therefore often considered its modern founder. His family retained power until the rise of Dost Muhammad.

                Cite this article
                Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

                • MLA
                • Chicago
                • APA

                "Ahmad Shah." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Sep. 2019 <http://www.fenn5.com>.

                "Ahmad Shah." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2019). http://www.fenn5.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ahmad-shah

                "Ahmad Shah." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.fenn5.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ahmad-shah

                Learn more about citation styles

                Citation styles

                Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

                Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

                Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

                Modern Language Association

                http://www.mla.org/style

                The Chicago Manual of Style

                http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

                American Psychological Association

                http://apastyle.apa.org/

                Notes:
                • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
                • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

                Ahmad, Ustad

                Ahmad, Ustad ( Ustad Ahmad Lahori) (c.1580–1649). Master Ahmad of Lahore, also known as Ahmad Mi'mar (Ahmad the Architect), became chief architect to Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–58). He is credited with the design of the huge Red Fort at Delhi (1639–48), and may have designed the Tâj Mahal (mausoleum of Arjumand Banu Begum, known as Mumtaz Mahal (d.1631)) at Agra (1631–48 and later). If these and other attributions are correct, he was one of the greatest architects of C17.

                Bibliography

                Placzek (ed.) (1982)

                Cite this article
                Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

                • MLA
                • Chicago
                • APA

                "Ahmad, Ustad." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape?Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Sep. 2019 <http://www.fenn5.com>.

                "Ahmad, Ustad." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape?Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2019). http://www.fenn5.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ahmad-ustad

                "Ahmad, Ustad." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape?Architecture. . Retrieved September 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.fenn5.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ahmad-ustad

                Learn more about citation styles

                Citation styles

                Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

                Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

                Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

                Modern Language Association

                http://www.mla.org/style

                The Chicago Manual of Style

                http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

                American Psychological Association

                http://apastyle.apa.org/

                Notes:
                • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
                • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.
                操屄视频